Are you a pet owner who isn’t aware that dogs brush teeth? Yes, you’ve read it right; according to our veterinarians, we must brush our pet dog’s teeth at least thrice a week as they likewise develop plaque and even tartar, just like people, because why not? The dog’s teeth have the exact same function as people, and the very same risk applies to them. Here is some knowledge of a serious illness they can get if their teeth aren’t sustained well.
What is Periodontal Disease?
Gum illness in dogs is prevalent, and it is an inflammation and an infection of the periodontium, which is the foundation of the teeth tissues. This disease slips below the gum area; noticeable indications are not noticeable the majority of the time and are because of the bacteria in the mouth that harms the bones, gums, and other structures of the teeth. It likewise brings pain and secondary impact on significant organs if not addressed. Those organs consist of the heart, kidneys, and perhaps the liver. You will need to find an animal internal medicine for this illness as they can help you understand further about the disease.
Is this a common disease?
In a study, more than two-thirds of pet dogs experience some degree of this illness, making it extremely common to affect them. Every pet dog is at risk of this disease, but the smaller breed has a higher possibility of getting it because smaller teeth trap traces of food without difficulty. When combined with saliva and germs that live in the oral cavity, food within the teeth causes tartar and dental plaque.
Causes of Periodontal Disease
Plaque build-up and tartar in the teeth caused by inadequate oral hygiene can lead to a dog’s gingivitis, and this is the early stage of periodontal disease. In the early stages of gingivitis, mild soreness in the gums and some plaque are present. And when it advances, there are swollen gums, loose teeth, and gum bleeding when brushing; This could cause periodontal illness if left without treatment.
How can it be prevented?
There is no other way to prevent it but to brush their teeth on a regular basis. If you can do it as quite often as once a day, the better; however, the minimum would be thrice a week. They may also go through dental prophylaxis for deep cleansing, which experts advise could do once a year, or better yet, consider registering your pet dog in a wellness plan to secure the condition of their general health. You can check websites like advancedvetnj.com for a complete plan for your pet.
What is the proper treatment?
Treatment will be subject to the level of periodontal disease your pet dog has. Your veterinarian will also consider what your pet dog needs, the proper treatment and dosages, and its cost vary. Your vet might need to put anesthesia on your pet dog and be examined if it is healthy enough to take it; there is always a small risk when an animal is prescribed an anesthetic agent. Then, dental treatment will begin that may consist of;
- IV catheter and fluids
- Taking full mouth x-rays
- A set of dental radiographs
- Endotracheal intubation
- Scaling and polishing the gingival areas
- Anesthesia monitoring
- Discomfort Medication during and after the procedure
You can learn more about this disease from good veterinarians, who are very passionate about your pet’s dental care.